Praxis II tests were subject-specific test offered by ETS. About three years ago, ETS replaced Praxis II exams with Praxis Subject Assessment tests. The new tests are very similar to the old ones. While you won’t find the term ‘Praxis II’ in any updated documents by ETS, you may come across it in the literature of training programs and even your licensing authority. Note that besides changing the name, ETS also discontinued some tests. So, to avoid any confusion, check official sources to confirm the availability of the exam you want to take.
As the name suggests, subject assessments are designed to measure subject knowledge. The tests are of three types: Subject Assessments, designed to examine your general and subject knowledge and skills; Principles of Learning and Teaching (PLT) exams for different grade levels; and the Content Knowledge for Teaching (CKT) test for Elementary school teachers.
All tests are computer-based. Both assessment and PLT exams include selected-response (SR) and constructed-response (CR) questions. There are a total of 90 different exams, with the states deciding which ones they need teachers to take to get their license. You can check the requirements of states, territories, and organizations here.
You can register for a test online, by phone, or by mail. The fee will depend on the test. Currently, the fee for a constructed-response or a constructed-response and selected-response combination is $146, while the price for a selected-response test is $120. Note that telephone registrations include a $35 surcharge.
The scoring system is different for SR, CR and Mixed tests. For SR items, you get one ‘raw’ point per correct response, checked by a computer, and the total correct answers equal the total raw score. With CR items, responses are assessed by individuals (two humans, or, in some cases, a human and the c-rater software). They are also compared to other editions of the test to assess difficulty level. For some mixed tests, the final raw score is the sum of scorer ratings, while for others, ratings are weighted to obtain the final score. In all types, the raw score is converted to a scaled score to make results consistent with other editions.
Besides deciding the type of tests, the States also set minimum scores. The passing score also varies from subject to subject. For instance, the passing score for Agriculture was 147 in many states, as of May 1, 2018, while the passing score for Chemistry often varied by more than a few points among States.
If you feel you could have done better, you can retake the test after a 21-day waiting period from your test date. You can also cancel your score at the end of the test before the score section. A score review is also available with constructed-response and essay items of the test for those who think their score was incorrect. You can get the score of these responses reviewed for $65 within three months of giving the test.
The score report becomes available in your Praxis account within two to three weeks of the test window for your exam. Note the test window when selecting the exam date. The score report remains available in your account for ten years.